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forma, ae, f. [Sanscr. dhar-, dhar-āmi, bear; dhar-i-man, figure; Gr. θρα- in θρῆνυς, θρόνος; cf. Lat. frētus, frēnum, fortis, etc.], form, in the most comprehensive sense of the word, contour, figure, shape, appearance (syn.: species, frons, facies, vultus; figura).

  1. I. Lit.
    1. A. In gen.: Ha. Earum nutrix, qua sit facie, mihi expedi. Mi. Statura haud magna, corpore aquilo. Ha. Ipsa ea’st. Mi. Specie venusta, ore parvo, atque oculis pernigris. Ha. Formam quidem hercle verbis depinxti mihi, Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 154; cf.: quia semper eorum suppeditabatur facies et forma manebat, Lucr. 5, 1175: corporis nostri partes totaque figura et forma et statura, quam apta ad naturam sit, apparet, Cic. Fin. 5, 12, 35; cf. Auct. Her. 4, 47, 60: si omnium animantium formam vincit hominis figura, etc., Cic. N. D. 1, 18, 48: forma ac species liberalis, id. Cael. 3, 6; cf. id. N. D. 1, 14, 37; 1, 27, 76 sqq.; id. Verr. 2, 4, 58, § 129; id. N. D. 1, 10, 26: aspicite, o cives, senis Enni imaginiformam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 15, 34 (Epigr. 1 ed. Vahl.): hoc dico, non ab hominibus formae figuram venisse ad deosNon ergo illorum humana forma, sed nostra divina dicenda est, etc., id. N. D. 1, 32, 90: formaï servare figuram, Lucr. 4, 69; cf.: Homeri picturam, non poesin videmus. Quae regio, quae species formaque pugnae, qui motus hominum non ita expictus est, ut, etc., Cic. Tusc. 5, 39, 114 (v. Moser ad h. l.): eximia forma pueri, id. ib. 5, 21, 61: virgines formā excellente, Liv. 1, 9, 11: formā praestante puellae, Ov. H. 3, 35: forma viros neglecta decet, id. A. A. 1, 509; cf.: ut excellentem muliebris formae pulchritudinem muta in sese imago contineret, Cic. Inv. 2, 1, 1: illa aetate venerabilis, haec formae pulchrituline, Curt. 3, 11, 24: virginem adultam, formā excellentem, Liv. 3, 44, 4: virginem maxime formā notam, id. 4, 9, 4: una et viginti formae litterarum, Cic. N. D. 2, 37, 93: solis, Lucr. 5, 571: muralium falcium, Caes. B. G. 3, 14, 5: lanceae novae formae, Suet. Dom. 10: nova aedificiorum Urbis, id. Ner. 16: porticus, Plin. Ep. 9, 39, 5: forma et situs agri, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 4: eādem cerā aliae atque aliae formae duci solent, Quint. 10, 5, 9: geometricae formae, Cic. Rep. 1, 17; cf. id. de Or. 1, 42, 187: cum sit geometria divisa in numeros atque formas, Quint. 1, 10, 35; cf. also: Archimedes intentus formis, quas in pulvere descripserat, Liv. 25, 31, 9: dimidia circuli, Plin. 2, 59, 60, § 150: clarissimorum virorum formae, figures, images, Cic. Mil. 32, 86: ille artifex, cum faceret Jovis formam aut Minervae, etc., id. Or. 2, 9: igneae formae, i. e. fiery bodies, id. N. D. 2, 40, 101: inque tori formam molles sternentur arenae, in the shape, form, Ov. Am. 2, 11, 47: (sacellum) crudis laterculis ad formam camini, Plin. 30, 7, 20, § 63: ut haec mulier praeter formam nihil ad similitudinem hominis reservarit, Cic. Clu. 70, 199.
      In poet. circumlocution with gen.: astra tenent caeleste solum formaeque deorum, the forms of gods, for gods, Ov. M. 1, 73: formae ferarum, id. ib. 2, 78: ursi ac formae magnorum luporum, Verg. A. 7, 18: formae ingentis leo, of great size, Just. 15, 4, 17; Tac. A. 4, 72.
    2. B. In partic.
      1. 1. Pregn., a fine form, beauty: di tibi formam, di tibi divitias dederant, Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 6; cf.: et genus et formam regina pecunia donat, id. ib. 1, 6, 37: movit Ajacem forma captivae Tecmessae, id. C. 2, 4, 6; Quint. 2, 5, 12: neque, ut laudanda, quae pecuniam suam pluribus largitur, ita quae formam, id. 5, 11, 26; 5, 12, 17.
        Prov.: forma bonum fragile est, Ov. A. A. 2, 113.
      2. 2. An outline, plan, design (of an architect, etc.): cum formam videro, quale aedificium futurum sit, scire possum, Cic. Fam. 2, 8, 1: domus erit egregia; magis enim cerni jam poterat, quam quantum ex forma judicabamus, id. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 3 (2, 6, 2): qua ludum gladiatorium aedificaturus erat, Suet. Caes. 31.
      3. 3. A model after which any thing is made, a pattern, stamp, last (of a shoemaker), etc.: utendum plane sermone, ut numo, cui publica forma est, Quint. 1, 6, 3: denarius formae publicae, Sen. Ben. 5, 29; cf.: formas quasdam nostrae pecuniae agnoscunt, Tac. G. 5: formas binarias, ternarias et quaternarias, et denarias etiam resolvi praecepit neque in usu cujusquam versari, stamped money, coins, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 39; cf. Curt. 5, 2, 11: si scalpra et formas non sutor (emat), Hor. S. 2, 3, 106; cf.: forma calcei, Dig. 9, 2, 5, § 3.
      4. 4. A mould which gives form to something: (caseus) vel manu figuratur vel buxeis formis exprimitur, Col. 7, 8 fin.: formae in quibus aera funduntur, Plin. 36, 22, 49, § 168; hence, a frame, case, enclosure: opus tectorium propter excellentiam picturae ligneis formis inclusum, id. 35, 14, 49, § 173: formas rivorum perforare, i. e. the conduits, pipes, Front. Aquaed. 75: aquaeductus, Dig. 7, 1, 27.
        Hence,
        1. b. Transf., the aqueduct itself, Front. Aquaed. 126.
      5. 5. A rescript, formulary (post-class., whereas the dimin. formula is predominant in this signif.): ex eorum (amicorum) sententia formas composuit, Capitol. Anton. 6; so Cod. Just. 1, 2, 20.
      6. 6. Item forma appellatur puls miliacea ex melle, Paul. ex Fest. p. 83 Müll.
  2. II. Trop.
    1. A. In gen., shape, form, nature, manner, kind: ad me quasi formam communium temporum et totius rei publicae misisti expressam, Cic. Fam. 3, 11, 4; cf.: formam quidem ipsam et tamquam faciem honesti vides, id. Off. 1, 5, 14: innumerabiles quasi formae figuraeque dicendi, id. Or. 3, 9, 34: cum, quae forma et quasi naturalis nota cujusque sit, describitur, ut, si quaeratur avari species, seditiosi, gloriosi, id. de Or. 3, 29, 115; cf.: quae sit in ea species et forma et notio viri boni, id. Off. 3, 20, 81: forma ingenii, id. Brut. 85, 294: rei publicae, id. Fam. 2, 8, 1; cf.: exemplar formaque rei publicae, id. Rep. 2, 11: forma et species et origo tyranni, id. ib. 2, 29: forma rerum publicarum, id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36; cf. id. Rep. 1, 34 fin.: officii, id. Off. 1, 29, 103: propositi, Vell. 1, 16: sollicitudinum, Tac. A. 4, 60: formam vitae inire, id. ib. 1, 74: secundum vulgarem formam juris, Dig. 30, 1, 111: scelerum formae, Verg. A. 6, 626: poenae, id. ib. 615.
    2. B. In partic.
      1. 1. In philos. lang., like species, a sort, kind: nolim, ne si Latine quidem dici possit, specierum et speciebus dicere; et saepe his casibus utendum est: at formis et formarum velimGenus et formam definiunt hoc modo: genus est notio ad plures differentias pertinens; forma est notio, cujus differentia ad caput generis et quasi fontem referri potest. Formae igitur sunt hae, in quas genus sine ullius praetermissione dividitur, ut si quis jus in legem, morem, aequitatem dividat, etc., Cic. Top. 7, 31; cf.: genus et species, quam eandem formam Cicero vocat, Quint. 5, 10, 62: a forma generis, quam interdum, quo planius accipiatur, partem licet nominare, hoc modo, etc. … Genus enim est uxor; ejus duae formae: una matrumfamilias, altera earum, quae tantummodo uxores habentur, Cic. Top. 4, 14: quod haec (partitio) sit totius in partes, illa (divisio) generis in formas, Quint. 5, 10, 63: duae formae matrimoniorum, id. 5, 10, 62.
      2. 2. In gram.
        1. a. The grammatical quality, condition of a word: in quo animadvertito, natura quadruplicem esse formam, ad quam in declinando accommodari debeant verba, etc., Varr. L. L. 9, § 37 sq.; 101 sq. Müll.; Quint. 10, 1, 10.
        2. b. The grammatical form of a word: utrum in secunda forma verbum temporale habeat in extrema syllaba AS an IS, ad discernendas dissimilitudines interest, Varr. L. L. 9, § 109 Müll.: aeditimus ea forma dictum, qua finitimus, Gell. 12, 10, 1.

formābĭlis, e, adj. [formo], that may be formed or fashioned (eccl. Lat.): os, Prud. Apoth. 1034: primordia, Aug. Trin. 11, 2 fin.

formābĭlĭtas, ātis, f. [formabilis], capacity for being fashioned, plasticity: secundum materiae quandam, ut ita dicam, formabilitatem, August. Gen. ad Lit. 5, 4.

* formācĕus, a, um, adj. [forma], made in a form or mould: parietes, quos appellant formaceos, quoniam in forma circumdatis duabus utrimque tabulis inferciuntur verius quam instruuntur, Plin. 35, 14, 48, § 169.

formālis, e, adj. [forma] (post-Aug.).

  1. I. (Acc. to forma, I. B. 2.) Of or for a form or mould: temperatura aeris, proper for making moulds, Plin. 34, 9, 20, § 98.
  2. II. (Acc. to I. B. 4.)
    1. A. Having a set form, of the nature of a rescript, circular, formal: cum procuratorum suorum nomine formalem dictaret epistolam, sic coepit, etc., Suet. Dom. 13: formalia verba, Cod. Just. 6, 23, 26: observatio (in testamentis faciendis), id. ib.
    2. B. Transf. (qs. of the nature of a formulary), fixed, normal: aliquid formali pretio aestimare, Dig. 35, 2, 62, § 1.

formāmentum, i, n. [formo], a shaping, forming; concr., a shape, form (anteand post-class.): omnia principiorum, Lucr. 2, 819: divina, Arn. 3, 109.

* formaster, tri, m. [forma], one who beautifies or adorns himself, a coxcomb, dandy: aut luculentaster aut formaster frigidus, Tit. ap. Fest. s. v. OBSTRVDANT, p. 193 Müll.

formātĭo, ōnis, f. [formo], a shaping, forming; a form, design, plan (post-Aug.).

  1. I. Lit.: formationem puto probandam, locum improbandum, Vitr. 2 praef.: oblonga fori, id. 5, 1: formationes columnarum, id. 4, 1.
  2. II. Trop.: morum, Sen. Ep. 117, 20.

formātor, ōris, m. [formo], a former, fashioner (post-Aug.).

  1. I. Lit.: universi, Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 8; Vulg. Isa. 44, 8; 24.
    Plur.: imperii, Amm. 18, 6.
  2. II. Trop.: praeceptor rector est alienorum ingeniorum ac formator, Quint. 10, 2, 20; so, animi (with praeceptor virtutis), Col. 1 praef. § 4: morum (with magister), Plin. Ep. 8, 23, 2: agricolae, Pall. 1, 1.

formātrix, īcis, f. [formator], she who forms (post-class.): regina (Dido) tantae civitatis formatrix, foundress, Tert. Monog. 17 al.

formātūra, ae, f. [formo], a forming, fashioning, shaping (ante- and post-class.): labrorum, Lucr. 4, 550: res formatura varia, of various shapes, Arn. 2, 50.

formella, ae, f. dim. [forma], a little form or mould for baking in (late Lat.): in formella piscem formare, Apic. 9, 13; or for moulding cheese: casei, Vulg. 1 Reg. 17, 18.

Formĭae, ārum, f. [for sformiae, σϝορμιαι, from old form Ὁρμίαι, place of anchorage; cf. ὅρμος],

  1. I. a very ancient city of Latium, on the borders of Campania, the fabled seat of the Laestrygones, now Mola di Gaeta, Mel. 2, 4, 9; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 59; Cic. Att. 2, 13, 2; id. Fam. 16, 12, 5; id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 6, § 17; Hor. C. 3, 17, 6.
  2. II. Derivv.
    1. A. Formĭānus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Formiae, Formian: colles, Hor. C. 1, 20, 11: saxa, Liv. 22, 16, 4: fundus P. Rutilii, Cic. N. D. 3, 35, 86: dies, spent in Formiae, Mart. 10, 30, 26.
    2. B. Subst.
      1. 1. Formĭ-ānum, i, n., a villa in Formiae: of Cicero, Cic. Att. 4, 2, 7; id. Fam. 16, 10, 1; ib. 12, 6; of C. Laelius, id. Rep. 1, 39; of Dolabella, id. Att. 15, 13, 5.
      2. 2. Formĭāni, ōrum, m., the inhabitants of Formiae, Formians, Cic. Att. 2, 14, 2.

formīca, ae, f. [root mur-, to swarm, Gr. μύρμος, μύρμηξ; cf. Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 339 sq.], an ant, emmet, pismire: te faciam ut formicae frustillatim differant, Plaut. Curc. 4, 4, 20; Plin. 11, 30, 36, § 108; Cic. N. D. 3, 9, 21; Prop. 3, 13 (4, 12), 5; Verg. G. 1, 186; 380; id. A. 4, 402; Hor. S. 1, 1, 33 al.
Prov.: confit cito, Quam si formicis tu obicias papaverem, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 8.

formīcābĭlis, e, adj. [formica], resembling the creeping of ants (late Lat.): pulsus, Cael. Aur. Acut. 2, 27, 145.
Also called formīcālis pulsus, Cael. Aur. Tard. 2, 14, 198; cf. formicatio and formico, II.

formīcātĭo, ōnis, f. [formico], an irritation of the skin resembling the crawling of ants, produced by pustules; Gr. μυρμηκία: corporum, Plin. 28, 7, 20, § 71; Cael. Aur. Tard. 5, 1, 2: eorum articulorum, qui tanguntur, id. ib. 5, 2, 30.

* formīcīnus, a, um, adj. [formica], of or like ants: gradus, i. e. creeping, crawling, Plaut. Men. 5, 3, 12.

formīco, āre, v. n. [formica].

  1. * I. To creep or crawl like ants: venarum inaequali aut formicante percussu, Plin. 7, 51, 52, § 171.
  2. * II. To feel like the creeping of ants, μυρμηκιζω: donec formicet cutis, Plin. 30, 13, 41, § 120.

formīcōsus, a, um, adj. [formica], full of ants: arbor, Plin. 10, 74, 95, § 206.

formīcŭla, ae, f. dim. [formica], a little ant, Fronto Ep. ad Ver. 8 ed. Mai.; App. M. 6, p. 177; Arn. 4, 145; 7, 240.

formīdābĭlĭs, e, adj. [1. formido], causing fear, terrible, formidable (poet. and in post-class. prose; cf. formidolosus): lumen, Ov. M. 2, 857: nec formidabilis ulli, id. ib. 2, 174: Orcus, id. ib. 14, 116: aspectus, Gell. 14, 4, 2: sonus, id. 19, 1, 17: dolores et metus, per se formidabiles res, Sen. Ep. 123, 14.
In the neutr. adverbially: formidabile ridens, Stat. Th. 8, 582.

formīdāmen, inis, n. [1. formido], a fright, a spectre (post-class.): bustorum formidamina, sepulcrorum terriculamenta, App. Mag. p. 315, 26.

1. formīdo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [v. 2. formido], to fear, dread any thing; to be afraid, terrified, frightened (class.; syn.: metuo, timeo, vereor, trepido, tremo, paveo).

        1. (α) With acc.: illum, Plaut. Capt. 4, 4, 5: et illud paveo et hoc formido, id. Cist. 2, 1, 58: malum (shortly after: metuo malum), id. Am. prol. 27: ipse se cruciat omniaque formidat, Cic. Fin. 2, 16, 53: illius iracundiam formidant, id. Att. 8, 16, 2: ἀπότευγμα formido et timeo, ne, etc., id. Q. Fr. 3, 2, 2: cum formidet te mulier, Hor. S. 2, 7, 65: fures, id. ib. 1, 1, 77: acumen judicis, id. A. P. 364: nocturnos tepores, id. Ep. 1, 18, 93.
          In pass.: hic classe formidatus, Hor. C. 3, 6, 15: formidata Parthis Roma, id. Ep. 2, 1, 256: nautis formidatus Apollo (i. e. the temple of Apollo on the Leucadian promontory), Verg. A. 3, 275; cf.: nec formidatis auxiliatur aquis, i. e. the hydrophobia, Ov. P. 1, 3, 24: quo etiam satietas formidanda est magis, Cic. Or. 63, 213.
        2. (β) With inf.: si isti formidas credere, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 82; cf.: ad haec ego naribus uti Formido, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 46: meus formidat animus, nostrum tam diu ibi sedere filium, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 4.
        3. (γ) With ut or ne: aliquem non formido, ut, etc., Vop. Tac. 2, § 2: formido miser, ne, etc., Plaut. As. 2, 4, 55.
        4. (δ) With dat.: auro formidat Euclio: abstrudit foris, fears for the gold, Plaut. Aul. argum. 6.
          (ε) With si: male formido, si hera mea sciat tam socordem esse quam sum, Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 4.
          (ζ) Absol.: intus paveo et foris formido, Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 20: ne formida, id. Mil. 4, 2, 20; id. As. 2, 4, 56; 3, 3, 48; id. Mil. 3, 3, 20: neque prius desinam formidare, quam tetigisse te Italiam audiero, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 10, 1.

2. formīdo, ĭnis, f. [Sanscr. root dhar-, whence firmus; prop. the fear that makes rigid, Corss. Ausspr. 1, 148], fearfulness, fear, terror, dread (class.).

  1. I. Lit.: parasitus, qui me conplevit flagiti et formidinis, Plaut. Men. 5, 5, 3: popolo formidinem inicere, Furius ap. Macr. S. 3, 9, 8: Stoici definiunt formidinem metum permanentem, Cic. Tusc. 4, 8 fin.: ut aliqua in vita formido improbis esset posita, apud inferos antiqui supplicia constituta esse voluerunt, id. Cat. 4, 4, 8: quae tanta formido, id. Rosc. Am. 2, 5: neque miser me commovere possum prae formidine, Plaut. Am. 1. 1, 181: subita atque improvisa, Cic. Prov. Cons. 18, 43: formidinem suam alicui inicere, id. Verr. 2, 3, 28, § 68: formidinem inferre, Tac. H. 2, 15: intendere, id. ib. 2, 54: facere, id. ib. 3, 10: mortis, Cic. Rep. 1, 3; Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 207: poenae, id. ib. 1, 16, 53: fustis, id. ib. 2, 1, 154.
    In plur.: pericula intendantur, formidines opponantur, Cic. Quint. 14, 47: ex ignoratione rerum ipsa horribiles exsistunt formidines, id. Fin. 1, 19, 63: contra formidines pavoresque, Plin. 28, 8, 29, § 115.
    1. B. In partic., awe, reverence: (portae) religione sacrae et saevi formidine Martis, Verg. A. 7, 608; Sil. 1, 83.
  2. II. Transf., concr., that which produces fear, a frightful thing, a fright, horror.
    1. A. In gen.: alta ostia Ditis Et caligantem nigrā formidine lucum Ingressus, Verg. G. 4, 468; Front. de Fer. Als. 3: defensoribus moenium praemia modo, modo formidinem ostentare, Sall. J. 23, 1; 66, 1.
    2. B. In partic., a scarecrow made of differentcolored feathers, a bugbear: cum maximos ferarum greges linea pennis distincta contineat et in insidias agat, ab ipso effectu dicta formido, Sen. de 1ra, 2, 12 (cf. Nemes. Cyneg. 303 sq.): cervum puniceae septum formidine pennae, Verg. A. 12, 750; cf. Luc. 4, 437: furum aviumque Maxima formido, Hor. S. 1, 8, 4.
      Personified, as a goddess, Hyg. Fab. prooem. p. 10 Munk.

formīdŏlōsē, adv., v. formidulosus fin.

formīdŭlōsĭtas, ātis, f. [formidulosus], cruelty, extreme severity: poenae, Cypr. Laud. Mart. p. 134 ed. Wurzb.

formīdŭlōsus (formīdŏlōsus, v. Corss. Ausspr. 2, 145), a, um, adj. [2. formido], full of fear, fearful.

  1. I. Act., producing fear, dreadful, terrible, terrific (class.): nimis formidulosum facinus praedicas, Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 65: loca tetra, inculta, foeda, formidulosa, Sall. C. 55, 13: hunc locum consessumque vestrum, quem illi horribilem A. Cluentio ac formidulosum fore putaverunt, Cic. Clu. 3, 7: ferae, Hor. Epod. 5, 55: seu me Scorpius aspicit Formidolosus, id. C. 2, 17, 18: herbae formidolosae dictu, non esu modo, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 35: facinus, id. Am. 5, 1, 65: dubia et formidulosa tempora, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1, § 1: formidulosissimum bellum, id. Pis. 24, 58; id. de Imp. Pomp. 21, 62: in vulgus, Tac. A. 1, 76.
  2. II. Pass., experiencing fear, afraid, timid, timorous (rare; not in Cic.): mancipia esse oportet neque formidolosa neque animosa, Varr. R. R. 1, 17, 3: num formidolosus, obsecro, es? Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 18 sq.: (boyes) ad ingredienda flumina aut pontes formidolosi, Col. 6, 2, 14: equus, Sen. Clem. 17.
    Comp.: exercitum formidolosiorem hostium credere, Tac. A. 1, 62.
    Hence, adv.: formīdŭlōse.
      1. * 1. Fearfully, dreadfully, terribly, Cic. Sest. 19, 42.
      2. * 2. Fearfully, timidly, timorously: formidolosius, Cato ap. Charis. p. 196 P.

* formĭdus, a, um, adj. [‡ formus], warm: aedificium aestate frigidum, hieme formidum, Cato ap. Paul. ex Fest. s. v. forma, p. 83 Müll.

formĭo, ōnis, m., v. phormio.

formĭtas, ātis, f. [formo], a shaping, fashioning, forming, Isid. Orig. 6, 17, 4.

formo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [forma], to shape, fashion, form (class.; esp. freq. in the trop. sense).

  1. I. Lit.: omnis fere materia nondum formata rudis appellatur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 265: materia, quam fingit et format effectio, Cic. Ac. 1, 2, 6: utcumque temperatus sit aër, ita pueros orientes animari atque formari, id. Div. 2, 42, 89: lapsos formare capillos, to adjust, Prop. 1, 3, 23: classem in Ida, Verg. A. 9, 80: vultus, Plin. 35, 8, 34, § 56: e Pario formatum marmore signum, Ov. M. 3, 419.
    Absol.: (individua corpora, i. e. atomi) formare, figurare, colorare, animare (se ipsa) non possent, Cic. N. D. 1, 39, 110.
  2. II. Trop., to shape, form, regulate, dispose, direct; to prepare, compose, etc. (in Cic. only with abstr. objects): verba nos, sicut mollissimam ceram, ad nostrum arbitrium formamus et fingimus, Cic. de Or. 3, 45, 177: orationem, id. ib. 2, 9, 36: verba recte formare, Quint. 1, 12, 9; 10, 7, 7: ea quae inter se discrepant, Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 34: eloquentiam, Quint. 2, 10, 2: actionem, id. 11, 3, 180: disciplinam filii, id. 4 praef. § 1; cf.: studia ejus, id. prooem. § 5: consuetudinem partim exercitationis assiduitate partim ratione formare, Cic. Ac. 1, 5, 20: mores, Quint. 12, 2, 27: vitam et mores juventutis, Plin. Pan. 47, 1: custodireque in aetate prima pudorem, Quint. 1, 2, 4: nulla res magis penetrat in animos, eosque fingit, format, flectit, etc., Cic. Brut. 38, 142: quae formabat canendo Heroum mentes, Sil. 11, 452; cf. Quint. 1, 12, 10: animum judicum, id. 4, 1, 60: mentes, id. 2, 16, 10: mores juventutis quam principaliter formas! Plin. Pan. 47, 1; 88, 3: epistolas orationesque et edicta alieno formabat ingenio, Suet. Dom. 20; cf.: si quid res exigeret, Latine formabat, id. Aug. 89: inventus est ejus de hac re sermo formatus, id. Ner. 47: personam formare nevam, to invent, Hor. A. P. 126: versus meos cantat formatque citharā, qs. trims, embellishes them, Plin. Ep. 4, 19, 4: cogitet oratorem institui, rem arduam, etiam cum ei formando nihil defuerit, Quint. 1, 1, 10; cf.: (juvenis) ita a me formari et institui cupit, ut, etc., Plin. Ep. 1, 14, 3: perfectum ora torem, Quint. 2, 15, 33: sapientem, id. 1, 10, 5: virum, id. 12, 1, 44: puerum dictis, Hor. S. 1, 4, 121: feros cultus hominum recentum dictis, id. C. 1, 10, 3: tenerae nimis mentes asperioribus formandae studiis, id. ib. 3, 24, 54: poëtam (with alere), id. A. P. 307: format enim natura prius nos intus ad omnem Fortunarum habitum, id. ib. 108: ad credendum ante formatus, Quint. 5, 7, 8; 7, 3, 14: opus movendi judicum animos atque in eum quem volumus habitum formandi, id. 6, 2, 1; 11, 1, 2: at quae non tacita formavi gaudia mente, Ov. Am. 3, 7, 63: se in mores alicujus, Liv. 1, 21, 2: in admirationem formata, i. e. feigning, simulans, Suet. Claud. 37.

formōsē, adv., v. formosus fin.

formōsĭtas, ātis, f. [formosus], beauty (very rare): uxor eximia formositate praedita, App. M. 9, p. 224, 24: decorum positum est in tribus rebus, formositate, ordine, ornatu ad actionem apto, * Cic. Off. 1, 35, 126.

formōsŭlus, a, um, adj. dim. [id.], pretty (ante- and post-class.): uxor, Varr. ap. Non. 27, 5: formosulus tuus, Hier. Ep. 117, 10: formosuli nostri, id. ap. Jovin. 2, 14.

formōsus (FORMONSVS, Inscr. Grut. 669, 10; comp.: FORMONSIOR, Inscr. Fabr. p. 374, no. 169: formonsam, Verg. E. 1, 5 Rib.), a, um, adj. [forma, I. B. 1.], finely formed, beautiful, handsome (freq. and class; syn.: pulcher, speciosus, venustus, bellus).

  1. A. Of visible subjects: deum rotundum esse volunt, quod ea forma ullam negat esse pulchriorem Plato: at mihi vel cylindri vel quadrati vel coni vel pyramidis videtur esse formosior, Cic. N. D. 1, 10, 24: consideratur in homine, formosus an deformis, id. Inv. 1, 24, 35: virgines formosissimae, id. ib. 2, 1, 2: mulier, Hor. A. P. 4: vis formosa videri, id. C. 4, 13, 3: formosum pastor Corydon ardebat Alexin, Verg. E. 2, 1; cf.: formosi pecoris custos, formosior ipse, id. ib. 5, 44: Galatea hedera formosior alba, id. ib. 7, 38: boves, Ov. A. A. 1, 296: mater haedorum duorum, id. F. 5, 117: arma Sabina, Prop. 4 (5), 4, 32; so, formosius telum jaculabile, Ov. M. 7, 679: arbutus, Prop. 1, 2, 11 (dub.; Müll. felicius): Alcibiades, omnium aetatis suae multo formosissimus, Nep. Alcib. 1, 2: nunc frondent sylvae, nunc formosissimus annus, Verg. E. 3, 57: tempus (i. e. ver), Ov. F. 4, 129: aestas messibus, id. R. Am. 187: lux formosior omnibus Calendis, Mart. 10, 24, 2: habitus formosior, Quint. 9, 4, 8.
    Prov.: Formonsa facies muta commendatio est, Pub. Syr. 169 (Rib.).
  2. B. Rarely of abstr. subjects: nihil est virtute formosius, nihil pulchrius, Cic. Fam. 9, 14, 4.
    Adv.: formōse, beautifully (very rare): Cupidinem formosum deum formose cubantem, App. M. 5, p. 168: saltare, id. ib. 6, p. 183: formosius, Quint. 8, 3, 10: formosissime, Aug. Conf. 1, 7.

formucales forcipes dictae, quod forma capiant, id est ferventia, Paul. ex Fest. p. 91 Müll. N. cr. (acc. to Scalig. to be read ‡ formucapes).

formŭla, ae, f. dim. [forma, I. B.], acc. to the different signiff. of forma. * (Acc. to I. B. 1.) A fine form, beauty: formula atque aetatula, Plaut. Pers. 2, 2, 47.

  • II. (Acc. to forma, I. B. 2.)
    1. A. A small pattern, mould, last, acc. to which any thing is formed: calcei, Amm. 31, 2, 6.
      1. * 2. Transf., any thing made in a mould, a form, of cheese: solidatae, Pall. Mai. 9, 2.
  • * III. (Acc. to forma, I. B. 3.) A conduit, pipe of an aqueduct, Front. Aquaed. 36.
  • IV. (Acc. to forma, I. B. 4.) Jurid. t. t., a form, rule, method, formula for regulating judicial proceedings (the usual meaning; cf.: norma, regula, praescriptum): ut stipulationum et judiciorum formulas componam? Cic. Leg. 1, 4 fin.: in testamentorum formulis, hoc est, in medio jure civili versari, id. de Or. 1, 39 fin.; cf. antiquae, id. Brut. 52, 195: postulationum, id. Verr. 2, 2, 60, § 147: angustissima sponsionis, id. Rosc. Com. 4, 12: fiduciae, id. Fam. 7, 12, 2: de dolo malo, id. Off. 3, 14, 60: illa gloria militaris vestris formulis atque actionibus anteponenda est, id. Mur. 13, 29 init.: sunt jura, sunt formulae de omnibus rebus constitutae, id. Rosc. Com. 8, 24: a praetore postulat, ut sibi Quinctius judicatum solvi satis det ex formula: QVOD AB EO PETAT, CVIVS EX EDICTO PRAETORIS BONA DIES XXX. POSSESSA SINT, id. Quint. 8, 30: quod in foro atrocitate formularum dijudicatur, Quint. 7, 1, 37: vis hanc formulam cognitionis esse, ut, etc., the rule of evidence on which the inquiry is conducted, Liv. 40, 12, 20.
    On the formulae of actions, constituting a sort of code of procedure, v. Gai. Inst. 4, 30-48; and on the legal forms of the Romans in general, cf. Rein’s Röm. Privatr. p. 440 sq.
    1. B. Transf.
    1. I. In gen., for causa, a lawsuit, action, process (post-Aug.): quid enim aliud agitis, cum eum, quem interrogatis, scientes in fraudem impellitis, quam ut formulā cecidisse videatur, Sen. Ep. 48 fin.: formulā cadere, Quint. 3, 6, 69 (for which, in Cic., causā cadere): formulā excidere, Suet. Claud. 14.
        1. 2. Esp.: for mula letalis, a death-warrant, Amm. 14, 1, 3.
        2. 3. Beyond the legal sphere.
          1. a. In publicists’ lang., any form of contract, covenant, agreement, regulation: Acarnanas restituturum se in antiquam formulam jurisque ac dicionis eorum, Liv. 26, 24, 6 Drak.: citaverunt legatos, quaesiveruntque ab iis, ecquid milites ex formula paratos haberent? id. 27, 10, 2 sq.: aliquos in sociorum formulam referre, id. 43, 6, 10: (oppidum) Paracheloïda, quae sub Athamania esset, nullo iure Thessalorum formulae factam (= inique juris Thessalorum factum), id. 39, 26, 2.
          2. b. In gen., a rule, principle: ut sine ullo errore dijudicare possimus, si quando cum illo, quod honestum intelligimus, pugnare id videbitur, quod appellamus utile, formula quaedam constituenda esterit autem haec formula Stoicorum rationi disciplinaeque maxime consentanea, etc., Cic. Off. 3, 4, 19 sq.: certa quaedam disciplinae formula, id. Ac. 1, 4, 17: formulam exprimere, id. Or. 11, 36: cujusque generis nota et formula, id. ib. 23, 75: consuetudinis nostrae, id. Opt. Gen. 7, 20.
          3. c. A condition, relation (post-Aug.): natio redacta in formulam provinciae, Vell. 2, 28, 1.

    * formŭlārĭus, ii, m. [formula, II. C.], a lawyer skilled only in composing writs or forms of process in courts of law: alii se ad album ac rubricas transtulerunt et formularii vel, ut Cicero ait, leguleii quidam esse maluerunt, etc., Quint. 12, 3, 11.

    formus, a, um, adj. [ferv-veo; Sanscr. ghar-mas, glow, warmth; Gr. θερμός, θέρος; Lat. ferveo, fornus, fornax; O. H. Germ. waram; Engl. warm, Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 485], warm (ante-class.): forma significat modo faciem cujusque rei, modo calida, ut, cum exta, quae dantur, deforma appellantur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 83 Müll.; cf.: forcipes dicuntur, quod his forma, id est calida capiuntur, ib. p. 84:formucales (Scal. ‡ formucapes) forcipes dictae, quod forma capiant, id est ferventia, ib. p. 91.

    1. phormĭo (form-), ōnis, m., = φόρμιον, wicker-work of reeds or rushes, a mat, a straw covering, Dig. 33, 7, 12; Don. Ter. Phorm. prol. 27; 1, 2, 72.