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sēdĕcim (also written sexdĕcim), num. adj. [sex-decem], sixteen, Plaut. Rud. 5, 3, 66; Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 20; 4, 4, 26; Caes. B. G. 1, 8; Liv. 33, 3; 37, 40; Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 103 al.: sexdecim, Liv. 33, 30; Col. 2, 10 fin.; Nep. Att. 16, 3 (separately, decem et sex, Liv. 10, 31, 7; 37, 40 init.).

sescentēni, also sescēni (less cor. rectly sexc-), ae, a, num. distrib. adj. [sescenti], six hundred each.

  1. A. Form sescenteni: sescenteni malleoli, Col. 3, 5, 3: urnae, id. 3, 9, 3; cf. Suet. Claud. 32; Mart. Cap. 6, § 610.
  2. B. Form sesceni: Varro prodidit, singula jugera vinearum sescenas urnas vini praebuisse, Col. 3, 3, 2 nummi, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 25, § 62: denaril equitibus tributi, Curt. 5, 1, 45: annua, Plin. 29, 1, 5, § 7.

sescentēsĭmus (less correctly sexc-) a, um, num. ord. adj. [id.], the six hundredth: anno sescentesimo. Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58 Mai N. cr.: anno Urbis sescentesimo quinquagesimo quinto, Plin. 8, 7, 7, § 19.

ses-centi (less correctly sex-centi; cf. Ritschl Proleg. ad Plaut. p. 114), ae, a, num. card. adj. [sex-centum].

  1. I. Prop., six hundred: sescenti aurei nummi Philippii. Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 38: Romuli aetatem minus his sescentis annis fuisse cernimus, Cic. Rep. 2, 10, 18: argenti sescentum ac mille, Lucil. ap. Non. 493, 32: curriculum longum sescentos pedes, Gell. 1, 1, 2.
  2. II. Meton., like our hundred or thousand, to signify an immense number, an innumerable quantity, any amount, etc. (perh. because the Roman cohorts consisted originally of six hundred men; very freq. in prose and poet.): sescentae ad eam rem causae possunt colligi, Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 62: sescentas proinde scribito jam mihi dicas: Nihil do, Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 63: venio ad epistulas tuas, quas ego sescentas uno tempore accepi, Cic. Att. 7, 2, 3: jam sescenti sunt, qui inter sicarios accusabant, id. Rosc. Am. 32, 90: sescentos cives Romanos, id. Verr. 2, 2, 48, § 119.
    As subst.: sescenta, ōrum, n. plur., an immense number of things: sescenta sunt, quae memorem, si sit otium, Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 41; cf. Cic. Div. 2, 14, 34; id. Att. 2, 19, 1; 6, 4, 1; 14, 12, 1: sescenta tanta reddam, si vivo, tibi, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 111; so id. Ps. 2, 2, 37.

sescentĭes (less correctly sexc-), num. adv. [sescenti], six hundred times: sescenties HS., six hundred times a hundred thousand, sixty millions of sesterces, Cic. Att. 4, 16 C, 14; so, sestertium sescenties, Plin. Ep. 2, 20, 13: sescenties vicies, Lampr. Commod. 15 (in Plaut. Men. 5, 4, 8, the true read. is sescentos).

Sestĭus (Sextĭus), i, m., the name of a Roman gens.

    1. 1. P. Sestius L. F., a tribune of the people 696 A.U.C., a friend of Cicero and Milo, by the former of whom he was defended in an oration still extant.
    2. 2. C. Sextius Calvinus, an orator, Cic. Brut. 34, 130.
    3. 3. P. Sextius Baculus, a primipili centurio, Caes. B. G. 2, 25; 3, 5; 6, 38 al.
      Hence,
  1. A. Sestĭus (Sext-), a, um adj., of or belonging to a Sestius (Sextius), Sestian (Sextian): Tabula Sestia, the bankingtable or counter of a Sestius, otherwise unknown, Cic. Quint. 6, 25.
    Aquae Sextiae, v. aqua, 2. e.
  2. B. Sestĭānus (Sext-), a, um, adj., of Sestius, Sestian: dicta, of the tribune of the people, P. Sestius, Cic. Fam. 7, 32, 1: conviva, that dines with a Sestius Cat. 44, 10: mala, named after a Sestius, Col. 5, 10, 19; 12, 47, 5.

sēvir or sexvir (in inscrr., where this word most freq. occurs, commonly written with numerals, VI. vir, or ĪĪĪĪĪĪ. VIR), vĭri, m. [sex-vir], a member of a board or college consisting of six men, a sexvir.

  1. I. One of the presidents of the six divisions of Roman knights, Inscr. Orell. 732; 1172; 2242; 2258 al.
  2. II. Augustalis, a member of the college of priests dedicated to Augustus, Petr. 30, 2; Inscr. Orell. t. ii. p. 197 sq.; v. Augustalis.
  3. III. A member of a municipal directory of six men, Inscr. Grut. 418; 365, 3.

sēvĭrātus or sexvĭrātus, ūs, m. [sevir], the dignity of a sexvir, the sexvirate, Petr. 71, 12; Inscr. Grut. 400, 7; 150, 4.

sex (also written VI., and in inscrr. SEXS; cf. Inscr. Orell. 3745), num. adj. [cf. Sanscr. shash, Gr. ἕξ, Goth. saihs, Germ. sechs, Engl. six], six: sex minae, Plaut. Capt. 5, 2, 21: dies, id. Cist. 2, 1, 13: menses, Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 46; id. Ad. 3, 3, 42: sex aut septem loca, Lucr. 4, 577: suffragia, Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 39: sex et nonaginta, id. ib.: sex et quinquaginta milia passuum, id. Rosc. Am. 7, 19: decem et sex milia peditum armati, Liv. 37, 40: inter Bis sex famulas (= duodecim), Ov. M. 4, 220; Verg. A. 9, 272: sex septem, six or seven, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 41; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 58; v. septem, sex primi, sexprimi.

sexāgēnārĭus, a, um, adj. [sexageni].

  1. I. In gen., of or containing sixty: fistula, a pipe sixty quarter-digits (quadrantes) in diameter, Front. Aquaed. 54: PROCVRATIO, i. e. yielding sixty thousand sesterces, Inscr. Murat. 514, 1.
  2. II. In partic., sixty years old, sexagenary; and subst., a man of sixty, a sexagenarian: Cicero objurgantibus, quod sexagenarius Publiliam virginem duxisset, etc., Quint. 6, 3, 75; Suet. Claud. 23: (Hadrianus) obiit major sexagenario, Eutr. 8, 3, 8.
    Men sixty years of age were no longer admitted to vote in the saepta, and, if they attempted to enter, were thrust back from the bridge leading to them; whence arose the proverb, Sexagenarios de ponte, Varr. ap. Non. 523, 21 sq.; Fest. p. 334 Müll.; cf.: depontani. (Many Romans, at an early period, erroneously referred this expression to a religious usage, and even to original human sacrifices; v. Fest. 1. 1., and Ov. F. 5, 621 sq.)
    In a sarcastic equivoque, of actually flinging a man into the Tiber, Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 100.

sexāgēni, ae, a (gen. plur. sexagenūm, Front. Aquaed. 55), num. distrib. adj. [sexaginta].

  1. I. Lit., sixty each: postremo in plures ordines instruebantur: ordo sexagenos milites habebat, Liv. 8, 8, 4: SEXAGENOS DENARIOS VIRITIM DEDI, Monum. Ancyr. ap. Grut. 231: ibi scrobes effodito duplos sexagenos in die, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 751 P.; so, pedes, Varr. R. R. 2, 3, 3; cf. sexagenos ternos pedes, Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 30: propugnatores, id. 8, 7, 7, § 22: gerunt uterum (canes) sexagenis diebus, id. 8, 40, 62, § 151; 10, 17, 19, § 39.
  2. II. Transf., for sexaginta, sixty: sexagena milia modiūm, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 21, § 53; of an indefinitely large number, Mart. 12, 26, 1.

sexāgēnī-quīni, ae, a, num. distrib. adj., sixty-five each: fistula sexagenumquinum, i. e. sixty-five quarter-digits in diameter, Front. Aquaed. 55.

sexāgēsĭes, v. sexagies.

sexāgēsĭmus, a, um, num. ord. adj. [sexaginta], the sixtieth: intra sexagesimum diem, Flor. 2, 2, 7: messis, Mart. 4, 79, 1; 6, 70, 1: anno quinto et sexagesimo, Ter. Ad. 5, 8, 15: idem (Hortensius) quarto et sexagesimo anno, perpaucis ante mortem diebus, defendit Appium, Cic. Brut. 94, 324: celebrasse quartum et sexagesimum natalem meum, August. ap. Gell. 15, 7 fin.: post Leuctricam pugnam die septingentesimo sexagesimo quinto, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 26: intra sexagesimam diem, quam, etc., Flor. 2, 2, 7.
Subst.: sexāgēsĭma, ae, f. (sc. pars): denarii, i. e. the sixtieth part, Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 24.

sexāgĭes or sexāgĭens (collat. form sexāgēsĭes, Mart. Cap. 6, § 610), num. adv. [id.], sixty times: sestertium sexagies, i. e. sixty times a hundred thousand, six millions of sesterces (v. sestertius), Caes. B. C. 1, 23; Cic. Phil. 2, 18, 45; and, in the same sense, simply sexagies, id. Rosc. Am. 2, 6.

sexāginta, num. adj. [kindred with ἑξήκοντα].

  1. I. sixty: minae, Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 32: anni, id. Most. 2, 2, 63: sexaginta annos natus, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 10: minorem annis sexaginta de ponte dejecerit, Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 100 (v. sexagenarius fin.): major annis sexaginta, Liv. 49, 4; Mart. 7, 9, 1: ante annos quinque et sexaginta, quam, etc., Vell. 1, 6, 4: personae sexaginta quattuor, Dig. 38, 10, § 17 med.
  2. * II. Transf., for an indefinitely large number: limina, Mart. 12, 26, 1.

sex-angŭlātus, a, um, adj. [angulus], sexangular, hexagonal (late Lat.): crystallus, Sol. 33, 20.

sex-angŭlus, a, um, adj. [angulus], sexangular, hexagonal: cera, Ov. M. 15, 382: cellae (apium), Plin. 11, 11, 12, § 29: figura, id. 37, 5, 20, § 76: laevor laterum, id. 37, 4, 15, § 56: crystallus, Sol. 15, 29 fin.

sexātrūs, uum, f. [sex], the sixth day after the Ides: sexatrus ab Tusculanis post diem sextum Idus vocatur (dies), Varr. L. L. 6, § 14 Müll.; cf. Fest. s. v. Quinquatrus, p. 254 ib.

* sexcēnārĭus, a, um, adj. [sexceni], consisting of six hundred: cohortes funditorum, Caes. B. C. 3, 4.

sexcēni, v. sesceni.

sexcentēni, ae, a, v. sescenteni.

sexcentēsĭmus, v. sescentesimus.

sexcenti, v. sescenti.

sexcentĭes, v. sescenties.

Sexcentŏ-plāgus, v. Sescentoplagus.

sexdĕcim, v. sedecim.

sexennis, e, adj. [sex-annus], of six years, six years old: erus, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 80; 5, 2, 27: cervi, Plin. 8, 32, 50, § 116: sexenni die, after six years, an interval of six years, Caes. B. C. 3, 20.

sexennĭum, ii, n. [sexennis], a period of six years, six years: puer subripitur Sexennio prius quam moritur pater, Plaut. Poen. prol. 67: tribuni plebis tulerunt de provinciis contra acta Caesaris, ille biennium, hi sexennium, Cic. Phil. 5, 3, 7; so id. Div. 1, 44, 100; id. Att. 6, 1, 5.

sexĭes or -ĭens, num. adv. [sex].

  1. I. Six times: hostis sexies victus, Liv. 4, 32: id sexies evenit per annos, Plin. 18, 16, 43, § 146: hoc sexies ducendum est, is to be taken six times, to be multiplied by six, Col. 5, 2 fin.
  2. * II. For sextum, for the sixth time: Mario sexies Valerioque Flacco Coss., Vell. 1, 15, 5.

sexis, n. indecl. [sexennis].

  1. * I. The number six: ut ex duobus, triplo sexis implevit, Mart. Cap. 7, § 767.
  2. * II. Six asses: s littera i praecedente finita neutra monoptota sunt, ut tressis, sexis, Mart. Cap. 3, § 305.

Sexītānus (Saxētānus), a, um, adj., of or belonging to Sex (called Σέξ by Ptolem.; Saxetanum in the Itiner.), a town of Hispania Baetica, Sexitan: colias, Plin. 32, 11, 53, § 146; cf. lacertus, Mart. 7, 78, 1.

sexprīmi (also separately, sex prī-mi; cf. decem primi, under decem), ōrum, m. [sex-primus], a board or college of magistrates in provincial towns, consisting of six members, Cic. N. D. 3, 30, 74; Inscr. Orell. 3756.
In sing., a member of such a board, Inscr. Orell. 3242.

* sextā-dĕcĭmāni, ōrum, m. [sextus], the soldiers of the sixteenth legion, Tac. H. 3, 22.

sextānĕus, a, um, adj. [sextus], of or containing six (in land-measuring): limes, the sixth, Auct. Limit. pp. 239, 258 Goes. al.

sextāni, ōrum, m. [sextus], the soldiers of the sixth legion, Plin. 3, 4, 5, § 36; Mel. 2, 5, 2.

sextans, antis, m. [sex].

  1. I. A sixth part of an as (v. as): sextans ab eo quod sexta pars assis, ut quadrans quod quarta et triens quod tertia pars, Varr. L. L. 5, § 171 Müll.: heredes in sextante, Cic. Fam. 13, 29, 4: ex sextante heres institutus, Dig. 44, 2, 30; Cod. Th. 9, 42, 8 pr.
    1. B. In partic.
      1. 1. As a coin: extulit eum plebs sextantibus collatis in capita, Liv. 2, 33 fin.; Plin. 33, 10, 48, § 138; hence, servus sextantis, i. e. of very trifling value, worthless, Laber. ap. Gell. 16, 9, 4.
      2. 2. In weighing, Plin. 26, 11, 74, § 121; Ov. Med. Fac. 65; Mart. 8, 71, 9; (with pondo) Scrib. Larg. 4; 42 al.
      3. 3. As a measure of land, the sixth part of a juger, Varr. R. R. 1, 10, 2; Col. 5, 1, 10.
      4. 4. As a liquid measure, the sixth part of a sextarius, or two cyathi, Col. 12, 23, 1; Mart. 5, 64, 1; Suet. Aug. 77.
      5. 5. As a lineal measure, Plin. 13, 15, 29, § 94.
  2. II. Among mathematicians, the sixth part of the number six, as of the numerus perfectus (v. as), i. e. unity, one, Vitr. 3, 1, 6.

* sextantālis, e, adj. [sextans], containing a sextans: fusi, two inches thick, Vitr. 10, 6; cf. the foll. art.

sextantārĭus, a, um, adj. [sextans], containing a sextans asses, i. e. worth only the sixth part of the former asses (put in circulation after the second Punic war), Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 44; Fest. p. 347 Müll.

* sextārĭŏlus, i, m. dim. [sextarius, II. A.], a small measure, = a pint, Aug. ap. Suet. Vit. Hor.

sextārĭus, ii, m. [sextus].

  1. I. In gen., the sixth part of a measure, weight, etc., Rhemn. Fann. Pond. 71; Fest. s. v. publica pondera, p. 246 Müll.
  2. II. In partic.
    1. A. As a liquid measure, the sixth part of a congius, = a pint, Cato, R. R. 13, 3; Varr. ap. Gell. 3, 14, 2; Cic. Off. 2, 16, 56; Hor. S. 1, 1, 74; Plin. 28, 6, 17, § 64 al.
    2. B. As a dry measure, the sixteenth part of a modius, Col. 2, 9 fin.; 2, 10, 24; 12, 5, 1; Plin. 18, 13, 35, § 131; 24, 14, 79, § 129; Dig. 47, 2, 21, § 5.

Sextĭānus, a, um, v. Sestianus, under Sestius.

Sextĭlĭānus, i, m., a Roman surname, Mart. 1, 12, 2 and 4.

Sextīlis, e, adj. [sextus], sixth, only with mensis, of the month of August: MENSE SEXTILI, S. C. ap. Macr. S. 1, 12 fin.: Sextili menso caminus, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 19.
Hence, subst.: Sextīlis, is, m. (sc. mensis), the sixth (month); hence, the month of August, acc. to the old Roman reckoning (counting from March), afterwards called Augustus (v. h. v., and cf. Varr. L. L. 6, 4 fin.), Cic. Fam. 10, 26, 1: Sextilem totum mendax desideror, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 2: Kalendae, of August, Liv. 3, 6; 6, 1 fin.: Nonae, Idus, id. 41, 16.

Sextĭlĭus, i, m.; Sextĭlĭa, ae, f., the name of a Roman gens: C. Sextilius Rufus, Cass. ap. Cic. Ep. Fam. 12, 13, 4; 13, 48 tit.: Sextilia, Suet. Vit. 3; Tac. H. 2, 64.
Hence, Sextĭlĭānus, a, um, adj., of or named from a Sextilius: pira, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 15 fin.

Sextĭus, v. Sestius.

sextō, adv., v. 1. sextus, B. 2.

sextŭla, ae, f. (sc. pars) dim. [sextus], the sixth part of an uncia, and, accordingly, the seventy-second part of an as (v. as), Varr. L. L. 5, § 171 Müll.; Rhemn. Fann. Pond. 22: facit heredem ex duabus sextulis M. Fulcinium, etc., Cic. Caecin. 6, 17.
As a land measure, Col. 5, 1, 9; 5, 2, 2.

1. sextus, a, um, num. ord. adj. [sex], the sixth, Plaut. Ps. 4, 2, 5: sextus ab urbe lapis, Ov. F. 2, 682: sextus decimus ab Hercule, Vell. 1, 6, 5: hic annus sextus, postquam ei rei operam damus, Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 9; id. Most. 4, 2, 41: sexto decimo anno, Cic. Rep. 2, 33, 57: sextus locus est, etc., id. Inv. 1, 53, 102: sextus decimus (locus), id. ib. 1, 56, 109; Tac. A. 1, 17: sexta decima legio, id. ib. 1, 37 al.: sexta decima (sc. hora), Mart. Cap. 6, § 696; for which also, in one word: post sextumdecimum annum, the sixteenth, Liv. 30, 19: abdicat die sextodecimo, id. 4, 34: sextodecimo Calendas Jan., Col. 11, 2, 94.
In gram.: sextus casus, the ablative case, Quint. 1, 4, 26.

  1. B. Advv.
    1. 1. sextum, for the sixth time: in M. Catonis quartā Origine ita perscriptum est: Carthaginienses sextum de foedere decessere. Id verbum significat, quinquies ante eos fecisse contra foedus, et tum sextum, Gell. 10, 1, 10: sextum consul, Cic. Pis. 9, 20.
    2. * 2. sextō, six times: lavit ad diem septimo aestate vel sexto, Treb. Gall. 17.

2. Sextus (abbrev. Sex.), i, m., a Roman proper name.

    1. 1. Sex. Roscius Amerinus, Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 15.
    2. 2. Sex. Pompeius, Cic. Att. 12, 37, 4.
      In a play upon 1. sextus, Quint. 6, 3, 86; v. annalis fin.

sextusdĕcĭmus, a, um, v. 1. sextus.

* sexuālis, e, adj. [sexus], of or belonging to sex, sexual: manus, i. e. of a woman, Cael. Aur. Acut. 3, 17.

* sex-ungŭla, ae, f., six-claws, a Plautinian nickname for a rapacious prostitute, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 57.

sexus, ūs (abl. plur. sexibus, Spart. Hadr. 18, 10 al.; but sexubus, Jul. Val. Rer. G. Alex. 1, 36), m., or sĕcus, indecl. n. [root sec- of seco; hence properly, a division, segment].

  1. I. A sex, male or female (of men and beasts).
          1. (α) Form sexus: hominum genus et in sexu consideratur, virile an muliebre sit, Cic. Inv. 1, 24, 35; cf.: natus ambiguo inter marem ac feminam sexu infans, Liv. 27, 11; and: mare et femineum sexus, App de Mundo, c. 20, p. 66 med.: feminarum sexus, Plin. 7, 52, 53, § 175: virilis sexus, Pac. ap. Fest. p. 334 Müll. (Trag. Rel. p. 70 Rib.); Plin. 10, 55, 76, § 154 orbus virili sexu, Afran. ap. Fest. l. l. (Com. Rel. p. 166 Rib.): liberi sexūs virilis, Suet. Aug. 101; Front. Strat. 1, 11, 6: puberes virilis sexūs, Liv. 26, 34: tres (liberi) sexūs feminini, Suet. Calig. 7; cf. Plin. 27, 2, 2, § 4; cf.: juvenes utriusque sexūs, Suet. Aug. 31: liberi, id. ib. 100; id. Vit. 6; id. Tib. 43: sine ullo sexūs discrimine, id. Calig. 8; Tac. A. 16, 10 fin. et saep.
            Plur.: (συνεζευγμένον) jungit et diversos sexus, ut cum marem feminamque filios dicimus, Quint. 9, 3, 63: lavacra pro sexibus separavit, Spart. Hadr. 18 fin.
          2. (β) Form secus (in the poets and historians, in the latter usually virile or muliebre secus, as an acc. resp. or limiting accusative, equivalent to the genitive or ablative of quality; v. Zumpt, Lat. Gram. § 428, for the preceding virilis sexūs, the male sex): filiolam ego unam habui, Virile secus numquam ullum habui, Plaut. Rud. 1, 2, 19: virile secus, Asell. ap. Gell. 2, 13, 5: quod ejus virile secus futurum est, Varr. ib. 3, 10, 7: secus muliebre, Aus. Idyll. 11, 8: puerile, id. Epigr. 70, 6: virile ac muliebre secus populi multitudo, Sisenn. ap. Non. 222, 27: concurrentium undique virile et muliebre secus, Sall. H. Fragm. ib. 25; and in Macr. S. 2, 9 (p. 228 Gerl.): ut Philippi statuaeitem majorum ejus virile ac muliebre secus omnium tollerentur, Liv 31, 44, 4: multitudinem obsessorum omnis aetatis, virile ac muliebre secus, Tac. H. 5, 13: praedas hominum virile et muliebre secus agebant, Amm. 29, 6, 8 et saep.: liberorum capitum virile secus ad decem milia capta, Liv. 26, 47, 1: athletarum spectaculo muliebre secus omnes adeo summovit, ut, etc., Suet. Aug. 44 fin.: destinatum Lacedaemoniis omnes virile secus interficere, Front. Strat. 1, 11, 6.
            Rarely as nom.: affluxere avidi taliumvirile ac muliebre secus, omnis aetas, Tac. A. 4, 62: tres ordine partae, Vesta, Ceres et Juno, secus muliebre, sorores, Aus. Idyll. 11, 7; or as object of a verb: cur ex his unum secus virile designet, Arn. 1, 59; 5, 25: promiscue virile et muliebre secus trucidabant, Amm. 16, 11, 9; 27, 10, 2.
  2. II. Transf.
    1. A. A sex, of plants and minerals, Plin. 13, 4, 7, § 31; 12, 14, 32, § 61; 36, 16, 25, § 128; 36, 21, 39, § 149.
    2. B. The sexual organs, Plin. 22, 8, 9, § 20; Lact. 1, 21, 16.

sexvir, v. sevir.