Lewis & Short

Parsing inflected forms may not always work as expected. If the following does not give the correct word, try Latin Words or Perseus.

1. ăvĕo, ēre, v. a. [from Sanscr. av, to love, to wish; to satisfy one’s self, to be content, to do or fare well],

  1. I. to wish, desire earnestly, to long for, crave (syn.: volo, cupio): avere nihil aliud est quam cupere, Paul. ex Fest. p. 14 Müll.: ab ludis animus atque aures avent Avide exspectantes nuntium, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, § 70 (Trag. v. 70 Vahl.).
    Constr. with inf., acc., and absol.
          1. (α) With inf.: te imitari aveo, Lucr. 3, 6: Illud in his quoque te rebus cognoscere avemus, id. 2, 216: res exponere, id. 4, 778: rationem reddere, id. 3, 259: discedere aventes, id. 4, 1203: Non est mihi tempus aventi Ponere signa novis praeceptis, Hor. S. 2, 4, 1; 2, 6, 99: propiusque accedere aventi figere pectora, Ov. M. 2, 503: valde aveo scire quid agas, Cic. Att. 1, 15; 2, 18; id. Fin. 2, 14, 46; id. Off. 1, 4, 13; id. Div. 1, 6, 11: Jam mens praetrepidans avet vagari, Cat. 46, 7: avet (ara) spargier agno, Hor. C. 4, 11, 7: ipsum L. Paulum omnium oculi conspicere urbem curru ingredientem avent, Liv. 45, 39, 8; 33, 32, 8; Col. 3, 21, 6: avebat animus antire statimque memorare exitus, Tac. A. 4, 71; 12, 36.
          2. (β) With acc.: quia semper aves quod abest, praesentia temnis, Lucr. 3, 957; so id. 3, 1082; 3, 1083: parto, quod avebas, Hor. S. 1, 1, 94: aveo genus legationis ut, etc., Cic. Att. 15, 11 fin. (acc. to conj. of Gronov.; so B. and K.; v. Orell. ad h. l.); Sil. 9, 371.
          3. (γ) Absol.: Et mora, quae fluvios passim refrenat aventes, which restrains the eager river, Lucr. 6, 531, where Lachm. and Munro read euntīs: Talem dira sibi scelerisque dolique ministram Quaerit avens, Val. Fl. 2, 123; Aur. Vict. Caes. 3.
  2. II. Avens = libens, Laev. ap. Gell. 19, 7.ăventer, adv., eagerly, earnestly (post-class.), Sid. Ep. 2, 2; v. Amm. 18, 5 and 19.

2. ăvĕo (or, acc. to Quint. 1, 6, 21, hă-vĕo; cf. Spald. ad l. l. and Schneid. Gr. 1, p. 185), ēre, v. n. [v. 1. aveo init.], to be or fare well; except once in Mamert., used only in the imper. ave, aveto, avete, and inf. avere, as a form of salutation, both at meeting and separating, like salve and χαῖρε (hence, Fest. p. 13 explains it by gaudeo).

  1. I. In gen., Hail! God bless thee, farewell! adieu (prob. not used by Cic.): Caesar simulatque, Have, mihi dixit, statim exposuit, i. e. had saluted me, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 16, 4: numquam dicis Ave, sed reddis etc., Mart. 3, 95, 1: Ave! gratiā plena, Dominus tecum! Vulg. Luc. 1, 28: Jesus occurrit illis dicens Avete! ib. Matt. 28, 9.
    In mock homage (eccl. Lat.): dixit Ave! Rabbi, Vulg. Matt. 26, 49; 27, 29; ib. Marc. 15, 18; ib. Joan. 19, 3.
    Haveto at the end of a letter, Cato ap. Sall. C. 35, 6; and Ave at the beginning, August. ap. Gell. 15, 7, 3: Marcus avere jubet, Mart. 3, 5, 10 al.
  2. II. Esp.
    1. A. As a morning greeting (diff. from vale, a greeting at separating in the evening; cf. Suet. Galb. 4: ut liberti servique mane salvere, vesperi valere sibi singuli dicerent): et matutinum portat ineptus ave, Mart. 1, 56, 6; 1, 56, 109 fin.; 4, 79, 4; 7, 39, 2.
    2. B. As a farewell to the dead, = vale: Atque in perpetuom, frater, ave atque vale, *Cat. 101, 10; and so frequently in inscriptions, Inscr. Orell. 2663; 4732; 4734; 4735; 4742. But in Martial avere is distinguished, as a greeting to the living, from valere, a greeting to the dead: Jam satis est, Afer: non vis avere: vale! Mart. 9, 7, 4. And thus the ambiguity of avere in the anecdote in Suet. Claud. 21 is to be explained: Emissurus (Claudius) Fucinum lacum naumachiam ante commisit. Sed cum proclamantibus naumachiariis, Ave (farewell), Imperator, morituri te salutant: respondisset, Avete vos (i. e. as dying), neque post hanc vocem, quasi venia data (since they interpreted the exclamation as live!), quisquam dimicare vellet, etc.
    3. C. As a mere expression of goodwill (eccl. Lat.): nec Ave ei dixeritis, nor bid him God-speed, Vulg. 2 Joan. 10, 11.
      Note: As finite verb: aveo plane Imperator et avebo … cum is avere jubeat, qui jam fecit, ut averem, Mamert. Grat. Act. ad Julian.

ăvis, is, f. (abl. sing. avi and ave; cf. Varr. L. L. 8, § 66 Müll.; Prisc. p. 765 P.; Rhem. Palaem. p. 1374 P.; Neue, Formenl. I. pp. 218, 222; in the lang. of religion, the form avi is most common; v. infra) [cf. Sanscr. vā (which may imply av), to blow (to wave); vis, a bird; Zend, vi; with which Curt. compares οἰ-ωνός, a large bird, and Benfey αἰ-ετός, an eagle].

  1. I. Lit., a bird; or collect., the winged tribe: Liber captivos avis ferae consimilis est, Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 7: videmus novis avibus canere undique silvas, Lucr. 1, 256: arguta, Prop. 1, 18, 30: istā enim avi (sc. aquilā) volat nulla vehementius, Cic. Div. 2, 70, 144: ave ad perfugia litorum tendente, Plin. 10, 3, 3, § 9; Vulg. Gen. 1, 2; ib. Deut. 4, 17; ib. Marc. 4, 32; ib. Luc. 13, 34 et saep.
    In Varr. once of bees: de incredibili earum avium naturā audi, Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 3.
    A description of birds is found ap. Plin. lib. 10; of their habits, ap. Varr. R. R. 3, 3 sq. and ap. Col. 8, 1 sq.
  2. II. Transf.
    1. A. Esp., in reference to auguries, since the Romans took their omens or auguries from birds (v. augurium and auspicium): post quam avem aspexit templo Anchises, Naev. ap. Prob. ad Verg. E. 6, 31.
      Hence, avis, meton., = omen a sign, omen, portent, freq. with the epithets bona, mala, sinistra ( = bona; v. sinister), adversa, etc.: liquido exeo foras Auspicio avi sinistrā, Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 2: ducam legiones meas Avi sinistrā, auspicio liquido atque ex sententiā, id. Ps. 2, 4, 72: solvere secundo rumore aversāque avi, poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 16, 29, where B. and K. read adversā: malā ducis avi domum, with a bad omen, Hor. C. 1, 15, 5: este bonis avibus visi natoque mihique, Ov. F. 1, 513; so id. M. 15, 640: di, qui secundis avibus in proelium miserint, Liv. 6, 12, 9: Quā ego hunc amorem mihi esse avi dicam datum? Plaut. Cas. 3, 4, 26: Hac veniat natalis avi, Tib. 2, 2, 21.
      In abl., form ave: tunc ave deceptus falsā, Ov. M. 5, 147.
    2. B. Comically, for a man in the garb of a bird: Sed quae nam illaec est avis, quae huc cum tunicis advenit? Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 15.
    3. C. Avis alba, v. albus, I. B. 3. e.