Lewis & Short

Parsing inflected forms may not always work as expected. If the following does not give the correct word, try Latin Words or Perseus.

1. mūnĭo (old form moenio, v. below), īvi or ĭi, ītum, 4 (fut. munibis for munies, Veg. Vet. 1, 10, 5), v. a. [moenia, lit. to wall; hence], to build a wall around, to defend with a wall, to fortify, defend, protect, secure, put in a state of defence (class.).

  1. I. Lit.: arcem ad urbem obsidendam, Nep. Tim. 3, 3: palatium, Liv. 1, 7: locum, Caes. B. G. 1, 24, 3.
    With abl.: Alpibus Italiam munierat ante natura, Cic. Prov. Cons. 14, 34: domum praesidiis, id. Cat. 1, 4, 10: castra vallo fossāque, with palisades and a trench, Caes. B. G. 2, 5: locum muro, id. ib. 29.
    With a homogeneous object, prov.: magna moenis moenia, you are undertaking a great thing, Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 73: duovir urbis moeniendae, Inscr. Orell. 7142.
    Absol.: quod idoneum ad muniendum putarent, for fortifying, i. e. for use in the fortifications, Nep. Them. 6, 21; Hirt. B. G. 8, 31.
    Also, to surround, guard, for the protection of other things: ignem ita munire ut non evagaretur, Mos. et Rom. Leg. Coll. 12, 7, 7.
    1. B. Transf.
      1. 1. In gen., to defend, guard, secure, protect, shelter: Pergamum divinā moenitum manu, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 2: hortum ab incursu hominum, Col. 11, 3, 2: spica contra avium morsūs munitur vallo aristarum, Cic. Sen. 15, 51: hieme quaternis tunicis et tibialibus muniebatur, he defended, protected, covered himself, Suet. Aug. 82.
      2. 2. To make a road, etc., i. e. to make passable by opening, repairing, or paving it: quasi Appius Caecus viam munierit, Cic. Mil. 7, 17: rupem, Liv. 21, 37: itinera, Nep. Hann. 3, 4: TEMPE MVNIVIT, Inscr. Orell. 587.
  2. II. Trop.
    1. A. To guard, secure, strengthen, support (cf.: fulcio, sustineo): meretriculis Muniendis rem cogere, to maintain, support, Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 54 (dub.; Speng. moenerandis; v. munero).
      Am strengthening myself: munio me ad haec tempora, Cic. Fam. 9, 18, 2: imperium, to secure, Nep. Reg. 2, 2: muniri adversus fraudes, to secure one’s self, Plin. 37, 13, 76, § 198 (dub. moneri, Jahn): se contra ruborem, Tac. Agr. 45: se multorum benevolentiā, Cic. Fin. 2, 26, 84: se contra perfidiam, id. Fam. 4, 14, 3: aliquid auctoritate, Vell. 2, 127, 2: domum terrore, Plin. Pan. 48, 3.
    2. B. Munire viam, to make or open a way: haec omnia tibi accusandi viam muniebant, prepared the way for your accusation, Cic. Mur. 23, 48: sibi viam ad stuprum, id. Verr. 2, 1, 25, § 64.
      Hence, mūnītus, a, um, P. a., defended, fortified, protected, secured, safe (class.): nullius pudicitia munita contra tuam cupiditatem et audaciam posset esse, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 15, § 39.
      Neutr. plur. munita as subst.: munita viāi, fortification or breastwork of the mouth (cf. Homer. ἕρκος ὀδόντων), the lips, Lucr. 3, 498.
      Comp.: se munitiorem ad custodiendam vitam suam fore, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 3, 3.
      Sup.: munitissima castra, Caes. B. G. 4, 55.
      Adv.: mūnītē, securely, safely (ante-class.): munitius, Varr. L. L. 5, § 141. Müll.

(2. munĭo, ōnis, a false reading for nomionem, v. Orell. and Klotz, ad h. l.; Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251.)