Claudĭus (Clōdĭus, like claudo and clodo, codex and caudex, plostrum and plaustrum, etc.), Claudĭa, Clōdĭa,
- I. the name of two very celebrated Roman gentes (one patrician, the other plebeian; cf. Suet. Tib. 1 and 2; Verg. A. 7, 708; Liv. 2, 16, 4).
- A. Claudius; so,
- 1. App. Claudius Caecus (v. Appius).
- 2. The historian Q. Claudius Quadrigarius, a contemporary of Sulla and Sisenna, Vell. 2, 9, 6; Gell. 1, 7, 9.
Called simply Claudius, Liv. 8, 19, 13; 9, 5, 2.
- 3. The emperor Claudius; in full, Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus, Suet. Claud. 1 sqq.; Tac. A. 11, 1 sqq.
- 4. In fem.: Claudĭa, a female of the gens Claudia.
- B. Clodius. Thus the restless tribune of the people, and enemy of Cicero, P. Clodius Pulcher, who was killed by Milo; v. Cic. Mil.
- II. Hence,
- A. Claudĭus (Clōd-), a, um, Claudian, Clodian: Via Claudia (Clodia), a branch of the Via Cassia, Ov. P. 1, 8, 44; Front. Aquaed. 11.
Aqua Claudia, an aqueduct begun by the emperor Caligula, and finished by the emperor Claudius, Front. Aquaed. 13 sq.; Suet. Claud. 20 Bremi.
Tribus Claudia, beyond the Anio, named after the progenitor of the gens Claudia, Liv. 2, 16, 5; Verg. A. 7, 708; cf. Serv. in h. l.
Leges Clodiae, proceeding from the tribune of the people, Clodius, Cic. Sest. 25 and 26; cf. Orell. Ind. Leg. s. h. v.
- B. Claudĭānus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to a Claudius (esp. to the emperor of this name): castra, of App. Claudius Pulcher, Liv. 23, 31, 3: tonitrua, named after the same, Paul. ex Fest. p. 57, 10 Müll.: tempora, of the emperor Claudius, Tac. A. 14, 11; id. H. 5, 12: cometa, visible in his time, Sen. Q. N. 7, 21 and 29.
- C. Clōdĭ-ānus, a, um, adj., pertaining to Clodius, the enemy of Cicero: crimen, his murder, Cic. Mil. 27, 72: incendia, caused by him, id. Q. Fr. 2, 1, 2: operae, id. ib. 2, 3, 2.