Lewis & Short

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crŭcĭābĭlis, e, adj. [crucio],

  1. I. tormenting, torturing, painful, excruciating, miserable (rare; not in Cic.): cruciabilem me accipito, Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 40 Ritschl: exitu periit, Gell. 3, 9, 7; cf. mors, Arn. adv. Gent. 2: silentio fatigatus, App. M. 10, p. 239, 20.
  2. II. Susceptible of torture: animae, Lact. 7, 20, 9.
    Adv.: crŭcĭābĭlĭter, with torture, Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 40 Fleck., Lorenz: interfecti, Auct. B. Afr. 46.

crŭcĭābĭlĭtas, ātis, f. [cruciabilis], torment, torture: cruciabilitates animi, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 3.

crŭcĭābundus, a, um, adj. [crucio], torturing, tormenting, Cypr. Ep. 55.

crŭcĭāmen, ĭnis, n. [crucio], torture, torment, pain: leti, Prud. Cath. 10, 90.

crŭcĭāmentum, i, n. [crucio], torture, torment, pain (very rare): vidi ego multa saepe picta quae Acherunti fierent Cruciamenta, Plaut. Capt. 5, 4, 2; id. As. 2, 2, 52: carnificum (with tormenta morborum), Cic. Phil. 11, 4, 8: ut orbitatis cruciamenta sentiret, Arn. 7, p. 43.

crŭcĭārĭus, a, um, adj. [crux], of or pertaining to the cross, or, in gen., to torture.

  1. I. Adj.: exitus, full of torture, Tert. Praescr. Haeret. 2 dub. (al. cruciatorios): poenae, Sid. Ep. 8, 6.
  2. II. Subst., one who is crucified, Petr. 112; Sen. Contr. 3, 21.
    Hence,
    1. B. As a term of reproach, one fit for the gallows, a gallows-bird, App. M. 10, p. 242: longum est quae cruciarius ille conflavit, Amm. 29, 2, 9.

crŭcĭātĭo, ōnis, f. [crucio], a torturing, Vulg. Sap. 6, 9.

crŭcĭātor, ōris, m. [crucio], a tormenter, torturer, Arn. 1, p. 23; Firm. Math. 3, 13, 6.

crŭcĭātōrĭus, a, um, v. cruciarius, 1.

crŭcĭātus, ūs, m., torture, torment, a torturing, execution, etc. (often syn. with supplicium; freq. and class. in sing. and plur.).

  1. I. Lit., of the body: dedisti hodie in cruciatum Chrusalum, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 36; id. Ep. 5, 1, 5; id. Ps. 3, 1, 12; Ter. And. 4, 4, 47; id. Hec. 5, 2, 7; Caes. B. G. 1, 31, 12; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 4, § 9; 2, 5, 63, § 163; id. Rosc. Am. 41, 119; Sall. C. 51, 15; id. J. 24, 10; Liv. 29, 18, 14 Drak. N. cr.; Quint. 5, 4, 2; Ov. M. 9, 179 et saep.: cruciatu malo dignus, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 132; id. Rud. 2, 6, 11.
      1. 2. Of the mind: animi, Cic. Div. 2, 9, 23; cf.: omnes animi cruciatus et corporis, id. Cat. 4, 5, 10: confectus jam cruciatu summorum dolorum, id. Att. 11, 11, 1; Cic. Fil. ap. Cic. Fam. 16, 21, 2.
    1. B. In gen., ruin, calamity, misfortune (esp. in curses, etc.): maximum in malum cruciatumque insiliamus, into utter ruin, Plaut. Mil. 2, 3, 8: cum cruciatu tuo istaec hodie verba funditas, i. e. to thy ruin, misfortune, id. Am. 4, 2, 13; 2, 2, 161; id. Capt. 3, 5, 23: abi in malum cruciatum, go to the gallows, go hang, id. Aul. 3, 3, 11; id. Pers. 4, 4, 25; cf. crux, II.
  2. II. Transf., instruments of torture: cum ignes ardentesque laminae ceterique cruciatus admovebantur, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 63, § 163.

crŭcĭfer, fĕri, m. [crux-fero], the crossbearer, i. e. Christ, Prud. Cath. 3, 1.

crŭcĭfīgo, ēre, better separated, cruci figo; v. crux.

crŭcĭfixor, ōris, m. [crux-figo], a crucifier (eccl. Lat.), Paul. Nol. Ep. 18, 7.

crŭcĭo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [crux].

  1. I. Orig., to put to death on the cross, to crucify (only in eccl. Lat.), Lact. Mort. Pers. 2, 1.
  2. II. In gen., to put to the rack, to torture, torment (freq. and class., esp. in the signif. B.).
    1. A. Physically: cum vigiliis et fame cruciaretur, Cic. Fin. 2, 20, 65: tribunos militum verberatos servilibusque omnibus suppliciis cruciatos trucidando occidit, Liv. 29, 18, 14 Drak. N. cr.: cum cruciabere dirae Sanguine serpentis, Ov. M. 2, 651: cruciataque diris Corpora tormentis, id. ib. 3, 694 al.: qui advehuntur quadrupedanti crucianti canterio, i. e. torturing the rider by its uneasy motion, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 34.
      1. 2. Transf. of inanimate things: terra ferro, ligno, igni, lapide, fruge omnibus cruciatur horis, Plin. 2, 63, 63, § 157; so, aes cruciatur in primis accensumque restinguitur sale, id. 33, 3, 20, § 65.
    2. B. Mentally.
          1. (α) Act.: graviter adulescentulum, Ter. Heaut. 5, 5, 1; id. Eun. 2, 3, 93; Hor. S. 1, 10, 78 al.: officii me deliberatio cruciat cruciavitque adhuc, Cic. Att. 8, 15, 2: ut ipsus sese cruciat aegritudine! Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 89: ne crucia te, obsecro, anime mi, Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 15; cf. Hor. S. 1, 2, 22: quos major sollicitudo cruciat, Just. 6, 3, 9: illud me cruciat, quod, etc., Mart. 11, 94, 5.
            So pass.: tanto dolore cruciatus est, Just. 12, 13, 9.
          2. (β) Medial (only in Plaut. and Ter.), to afflict one’s self, to grieve, be afflicted: ut miserae matres cruciantur! Plaut. Truc. 2, 5, 2; cf.: crucior miser, Ter. And. 5, 2, 10; with acc. and inf.: crucior me lapidem non habere, ut, etc., Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 68; Ter. Heaut. 4, 2, 6; and with acc. of neutr. pron.: istuc crucior, a viro me tali abalienarier, Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 11; id. Trin. 5, 2, 46.

Crŭcĭsălus, i, m. [crux-salio], a name facetiously formed in imitation of Chrysalus, i. e. a cross-dancer: facere aliquem Crucisalum ex Chrysalo, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 128.

crŭcĭum, quod cruciat. Unde Lucilius vinum insuave crucium dixit, Paul. ex Fest. p. 53, 4 Müll.