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- I. the name of a Roman gens, concerning which see Liv. 2, 48-50; among its distinguished members were,
- 1. Fabius Pictor, a historian, Cic. de Or. 2, 12.
- 2. Q. Fabius Maximus Cunctator, the famous dictator in the second Punic war, Prop. 3, 3, 9; Liv. 22 passim.
- 3. M. Fabius Quintilianus, author of the rhetorical work Institutiones Oratoriae, Aus. Prof. 1, 7; Mart. 2, 90.
- 4. Paulus Fabius Persicus, consul under Tiberius, A.U.C. 786, Sen. Ben. 2, 21, 4; Juv. 8, 14.
- II. Hence,
- A. Făbĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Fabius, Fabian: lex, de ambitu and de plagiariis, Cic. Mur. 34, 71; id. Rab. Perd. 3, 8; Dig. 48, tit. 15; ib. 17, 2, 51: fornix, a triumphal arch, built by Q. Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus on the Sacra Via, in the neighborhood of the Regia, Cic. Planc. 7, 17; called also Fornix Fabii, id. de Or. 2, 66, 267; and Fornix Fabianus, v. under B.: lupercus, Prop. 4 (5), 1, 26; cf. under B.: tribus, one of the rural tribes, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 52.
- B. Făbĭānus, a, um, adj., the same: fornix, i. q. Fabius fornix (v. above), Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19; also called arcus, Sen. Const. Sap. 1: Fabianae artes, i. e. delay, Liv. 22, 34: ‡ Fabiani et ‡ Quintilian appellabantur luperci, a Fabio et Quintilio praepositis suis, Paul. ex Fest. p. 87 Müll.
Subst.: Făbĭāni, ōrum, m., persons of the Fabian tribe, Suet. Aug. 40; also the soldiers of Fabius, Nep. Iphicr. 2, 4.