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1. auctumnus (correctly aut-), i, m. (autumnum, i, n., Varr.ap.Non.p.71, 20). [This word was anciently referred to augeo, as the season of increase, as by Paul. ex Fest. p. 23, 11 Müll.; so Curtius. But Corssen and others, in view of its correct form, autumnus, refer it to the Sanscr. av, to do good to, to satisfy one’s self; cf. the Gr. ἐνηνής (i.e. ἐνηϝής), good, kindly, and 2.aveo, to be well.] The season of abundance, the autumn.
- I. Lit. (from the 22d of September to the 22d of December; acc. to the designation of the ancients, from the entering of the sun into Libra until the setting of the Pleiades, comprising 91 days, Varr. R. R. 1, 28): quae temporis quasi naturam notant, hiems, ver, aestas, autumnus, Cic. Part. Or. 11: Vites autumno fundi suadente videmus, Lucr. 1, 175: Inde autumnus adit, id. 5, 743: pomifer, Hor. C. 4, 7, 11: varius purpureo colore, id. ib. 2, 5, 11: sordidus calcatis uvis, Ov. M. 2, 29: letifer, sickly (on account of the diseases that prevail in autumn), Juv. 4, 56: sub autumno, Ov. A. A. 2, 315: autumno adulto, about the middle of autumn, Tac. A. 11, 31: vergente, drawing to a close, id. ib. 11, 4: flexus autumni, id. H. 5, 23 al.
In plur.: Frustra per autumnos nocentem Corporibus metuemus Austrum, Hor. C. 2, 14, 15; Ov. M. 1, 117; 3, 327.
- * II. Meton., the produce of the autumn, the harvest: et multa fragrat testa senibus autumnis, i. e. vino vetere, Mart. 3, 58, 7.
2. auctumnus (correctly aut-), a, um, adj. [1. auctumnus], autumnal (poet. or in post-Aug. prose): imber, Cato, R. R. 58: autumno frigore, Ov. M. 3, 729 (Merk., autumni frigore): sidera, Manil. 2, 269: tempus, id. 2, 425: pruinae, Aus. Idyll. 8, 10; Cod. Th. 2, 8, 2: aequinoctium, Plin. 19, 6, 33, § 108: tempestas, Gell. 19, 7, 2.