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ădeps, ĭpis, comm. (in Plin. and Serv., m.; in Cels., Quint., and Pallad., f.; in Col. c.; cf. Prisc. 657 and 752 P.; Rudd. I. p. 34; Koffm. s. v.) [from ἄλειφα with interch. of d and l], the soft fat or grease of animals, suet, lard (the hard is called sevum).
- A. Lit.: suilla, Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 7: ursinus, Plin. 28, 11, 46, § 163: vulpinus, ib.: anserinus, ib. 48: caprina, Col. R. R. 6, 12, 5: ad creandas adipes, id. ib. 8, 14, 11.
And in the sense of sevum: adipe, qui prope omnes Italas lucernas illuminat, the tallow, Aug. de Mor. Manich. 2, 16.
- B. Metaph.
- 1. Of men: non mihi esse Lentuli somnum, nec Cassii adipes, nec Cethegi temeritatem pertimescendam, the corpulence, * Cic. Cat. 3, 7: dum sciat (declamator) sibi quoque tenuandas adipes, Quint. 2, 10, 6 (v. adipatus, crassus, crassedo).
- 2. Of fat or fertile earth, marl, Plin. 17, 6, 4, § 42.
- 3. In trees, that part of the wood which is soft and full of sap, also called alburnum, Plin. 16, 38, 72, § 182.
Note: The form adipes, assumed by Prisc. 752 and 1293 P., on account of Varr. R. R. 2, 11, rests upon an error, since not adipes illa, but adeps suilla, should be read there, v. Schneid. ad h. l.