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Pĕlŏpēa, Pĕlŏpēĭas, Pĕlŏpēis, Pĕlŏpēïus, Pĕlŏpēus, Pĕlŏpĭdae, v. Pelops.
Pĕlŏpĭdas, ae, m., = Πελοπίδας, a celebrated Theban general, a friend of Epaminondas, Just. 6, 9; Nep. Vit. Pelop.
Pĕlops, ŏpis, m., = Πέλοψ.
- I. Son of Tantalus, king of Phrygia, father of Atreus and Thyestes, grandfather of Agamemnon and Menelaus; in his childhood he was served up to the gods by his father for food (truncatus Pelops, Stat. Th. 4, 590), but was recalled to life by Jupiter, who gave him an ivory shoulder in place of the one eaten by Ceres (umeroque Pelops insignis eburno, Verg. G. 3, 7). Being afterwards driven out of Phrygia, he went to Elis, and by artifice obtained the hand of Hippodamia, daughter of king Œnomaus, to whose throne he succeeded. By means of the wealth which he brought with him, he acquired so great an influence that the entire peninsula was called, after him, the island of Pelops (Peloponnesus), Hyg. Fab. 83, 84; Serv. Verg. G. 3, 7; Cic. N. D. 3, 21, 53; id. Tusc. 1, 44, 107; 2, 27, 67: Pelope natus, i. e. Thyestes, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 12, 26 (Trag. v. 397 Vahl.): ex Tantalo Pelops, ex Pelope autem satus Atreus, Trag. Rel. Inc. Fab. v. 102 Rib.: Pelopis genitor, i. e. Tantalus, Hor. C. 1, 28, 7.
- 1. Pĕlŏpēïas, ădis, f. adj., Pelopian, Peloponnesian: Pelopeïadesque Mycenae, Ov. M. 6, 414.
- 2. Pĕlŏpēïs, ĭdis, f. adj., Pelopian, Peloponnesian: Pelopeides undae, the sea that surrounds the Peloponnesus, Ov. F. 4, 285.
Hence, Pĕlŏpēĭdes, um, f., the Argive women, Stat. Th. 10, 50; 12, 540.
- 3. Pĕlŏpēïus, a, um, adj., = Πελοπήιος.
- a. Pelopian: Pelopeius Atreus, Ov. H. 8, 27: virgo, i. e. Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon, id. Tr. 4, 4, 67: arva, i. e. Phrygia, the native country of Pelops, id. M. 8, 622.
Subst.: Pĕlŏpēia, ae, f., a female descendant of Pelops, Ov. H. 8, 81.
- b. Peloponnesian: Pelopeia sedes, i. e. the seat of Creon, king of Corinth, Sen. Med. 891: oppida, Claud. in Rufin. 2, 188: regna, the Peloponnesus, Stat. Th. 1, 117.
- 4. Pĕlŏpēus, a, um, adj.
- a. Pelopian: Agamemnon, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 33: domus, the race of the Pelopides, id. 3, 17, 20 (4, 18, 20): P. Orestes, Luc. 7, 778.
Subst.: Pĕ-lŏpēa, ae, f., the daughter of Pelops, Ov. Ib. 361; Claud. in Eutr. 1, 291; the name of a tragedy, Juv. 7, 92.
- b. Peloponnesian: Pelopea phalanx, the Argive army, Stat. Th. 7, 422.
Poet., in a more extended sense, for Grecian: Pelopea ad moenia, i. e. to Greece, Verg. A. 2, 193.
- 5. Pĕlŏ-pĭdae, ārum, m., the descendants of Pelops (notorious for their crimes), the Pelopides, Hyg. Fab. 86; an old poet in Cic. Fam. 7, 28, 2; 7, 30, 1; id. Att. 14, 12, 2; 15, 11, 3 (applied by Cicero to the adherents of Cæsar).
- 6. Pĕlŏpĭus, a, um, adj., Pelopian: Pelopia domus, Sen. Agam. 7.
- II. A slave’s name, Cic. Att. 14, 8, 1.