Lewis & Short

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Antōnĭus, ii, m., name of a Roman gens.

  1. I. M. Antonius, Marc Antony, a distinguished triumvir, conquered by Octavianus at Actium, a mortal enemy of Cicero.
  2. II. M. Antonius, a celebrated orator just before the age of Cicero; cf. Cic. Brut. 37 sq.; Ellendt, Cic. Brut. p. lxii. sq.; Bähr, Lit. Gesch. 355; Teuffel, Rom. Lit. § 139.
  3. III. C. Antonius, Cicero’s colleague in the consulship.
  4. IV. Fem.: Antōnĭa, ae, a daughter of the triumvir Antonius, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 16.
    1. A. Antōnĭus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Antonius: leges Antonias fregi, i. e. proposed by the triumvir Antonius, Lentul. ap. Cic. Fam. 12, 14 fin. B. and K.
      Hence, Antōnĭi, the adherents of the triumvir Antonius, Lepid. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 34.
    2. B. Antō-nĭānus, a, um, adj.
      1. 1. Of or pertaining to the triumvir Antonius: contra Antonianos, Cic. Fam. 10, 34; 12, 25 fin.; Vell. 2, 74; Sen. Ben. 2, 25; hence, also Antōnĭā-nae, ārum, f. (sc. orationes), the orations of Cicero against Antonius (com. called Philippicae; v. Philippicus), Gell. 7, 11; 13, 1 and 21.
      2. 2. Of or pertaining to the orator Antonius: dicendi ratio, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 13.