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- I. the name of a Roman gens: gens Flavia, Suet. Vesp. 1; Mart. 9, 2, 8.
So in partic. Cn. Flavius, the scribe of the pontifiex maximus, Appius Caecus, who published the Fasti, Liv. 9, 46, 1 sqq.; Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 17; v. fasti. From the gens Flavia were descended the emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian, Suet. Vesp. 1.
Hence poet., Flavius ultimus for Domitianus, Juv. 4, 37.
- II. Derivv.
- A. Flā-vĭus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Flavius: templa, i. e. built by Domitian, Mart. 9, 4, 12; 9, 35, 2.
- B. Flāvĭālis, e, adj., of or belonging to the college of priests for the Flavian family, instituted by Domitian, Flavial-: FLAMEN, Inscr. Orell. 2220: PONTIFEX, ib. 3672: COMES, ib. 3162: SEXVIR, ib. 3726: XVVIRI, ib. 2375: assidentibus Diali sacerdote et collegio Flavialium, Suet. Dom. 4.
- C. Flāvĭānus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to a Flavius, Flavian: jus civile, named after Cn. Flavius, the publisher of the Fasti, Dig. 1, 2, 2, § 7: partes, i. e. the adherents of Vespasian, Tac. H. 2, 67; 3, 1.