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Dĭŏmēdes, is, m., = Διομήδης.
- I. A son of Tydeus, king of Aetolia, and Deipyle, the successor of Adrastus in Argos; a famous hero at the siege of Troy, after which he went to Apulia, where he founded Argyripa (Arpi), Ov. M. 13, 100 sq.; 14, 457; Verg. A. 1, 752; 8, 9; Hor. S. 1, 5, 92; id. A. P. 146 et saep.
As grandson of Oeneus called Oenides, Ov. M. 14, 512: Diomedis Campus, the region about Cannae in Apulia, on the Aufidus, Liv. 25, 10; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 75 Müll.
Deriv., Dĭŏmēdēus (-īus), a, um, adj., of Diomedes: enses, Ov. M. 15, 806: furtum, i. e. the rape of the Trojan Palladium, Stat. Silv. 5, 3, 179; called also, ausa, Claud. VI. Cons. Honor. 479: agri, i. e. Aetolian, Mart. 13, 93; on the contrary, arces, the cities founded by Diomedes in Italy, Stat. Silv. 3, 3, 163.
So too Diomedea (insula), an island or group of islands in the Adriatic, on the coast of Apulia, now St. Domenico, St. Nicola, and Caprara, Mel. 2, 7, 13; Plin. 3, 26, 30, § 151; cf.: Diomedis insula, id. 12, 1, 3, § 6; Paul. ex Fest. p. 75 Müll.
Hence, the birds of that place (acc. to the fable of the metamorphosed companions of Diomedes) are called Diomedeae aves, Plin. 10, 44, 61, § 126; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 11, 271; Isid. Orig. 12, 7, 28.
- II. A king of the Bistones in Thrace, who gave his captives to be eaten by his horses; overcome at last by Hercules, Serv. Verg. A. 8, 300; 1, 752.
Hence, Diomedei equi, Claud. Rapt. Pros. 2 praef. 12; Aus. Idyll. 19, 9; cf. Claud. in Rufin. 1, 254.