mensūra. ae, f. [metior], a measuring, measure (class.).
- I. Lit.: mensuram facere alicujus, Ov A. A. 3, 265: agere, to measure, survey, Plin. Ep. 10, 28, 5: inire. Col 5, 3: res (quae) pondere numero mensura constant, Gai. Inst. 2, 196.
- II. Transf., a measure, by which any thing is measured: majore mensurā reddere, Cic. Off. 1, 15, 48: qui modus mensurae medimnus appellatur, kind of measure, Nep. Att. 2, 6: mensuras et pondera invenit Phidon Argivus, aut Palamedes, Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 198: ex aquā, i. e. clepsydra, Caes. B. G. 5, 13: quicquid sub aurium mensuram aliquam cadit, numerus vocatur, Cic. Or 20, 67: de mensura jus dicere, Juv. 10, 101.
- B. Trop., measure, quantity, proportion, capacity, power, extent, degree, etc.: dare alicui mensuram bibendi, to prescribe how much one may drink, Ov. A. A. 1, 589: nostri orbis, Tac. Agr. 12: beneficii, Plin. Ep. 10, 12, 2: qui tanti mensuram nominis imples, i. e. who answerest to its meaning, art worthy of it, Ov. P. 1, 2, 1: ficti crescit, measure, size, id. M. 12, 57: sui, one’s own measure, i. e. capacity, Juv. 11, 35: sed deerat pisci patinae mensura, was too small, Juv. 4, 72: nuribus Argolicis fui Mensura voti, I was the measure of their wishes, i. e. they desired to have as much as I possessed, Sen. Herc. Oet. 400: submittere se ad mensuram discentis, to accommodate one’s self to the capacity of the learner, Quint. 2, 3, 7: legati, character, standing. Tac. H. 1, 52: mensura tamen quae sufficiat census, how large a fortune, Juv. 14. 316.
In painting: Apelles cedebat Asclepiodoro de mensuris, hoc est quanto quid a quoque distare deberet, the degree of prominence, and relative distances, of parts of a picture, Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 80.
In gram.: mensurae verborum, the quantities of their syllables, Quint. 10, 1, 10.