Lewis & Short

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1. agrĭcŏla, ae, m. (Lucr. has gen. plur. agricolūm in 4, 586, but reg. form in 2, 1161; 6, 1260) [ager-colo], a cultivator of land, in the widest sense, a husbandman, agriculturist (including even the vine-dresser, gardener; also one who takes pleasure in agriculture, etc.); or in a more limited sense, a farmer, ploughman, countryman, boor, peasant.

  1. I. Prop.: bonum agricolam laudabant, Cato, R. R. 1, 2: agricolae assidui, Cic. Rosc. Am. 16: (Deiotarus) optimus paterfamilias et diligentissimus agricola et pecuarius, devoted to agriculture and cattlebreeding, id. Deiot. 9: sed venio ad agricolas, the farmers, id. Sen. 16: agricolam laudat juris peritus, Hor. S. 1, 1, 9: invisum agricolis sidus, id. ib. 1, 7, 26: sollers, Nep. Cat. 3: peritissimus, Col. R. R. 1, 11, 1: fortunati, Verg. G. 2, 468: indomiti, id. A. 7, 521: parvo beati, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 139: negotiosi, Col. R. R. 9, 2, 5: severi, Lucr. 5, 1356: miseri, Verg. A. 12, 292; Vulg. Gen. 4, 2; ib. Jacob. 5, 7.
    Of the vine-dresser, keeper of a vineyard: locavit eam (vineam) agricolis, Vulg. Matt. 21, 33; ib. Joan. 15, 1.
  2. II. Meton., of the gods, patrons, tutelary deities of agriculture, as Ceres, Bacchus, Faunus, etc.: agricolarum duces di, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 4: Redditur agricolis gratia caelitibus, Tib. 2, 1, 36.

2. Agrĭcŏla, ae, m., a Roman proper name: Cn. Julius, a celebrated Roman commander, father-in-law of Tacitus, who wrote his life, v. Tac. Agr.

agrĭcŏlāris, e, adj. [1. agricola], relating to farmers: opus, Pall. Insit. 3.

agrĭcŏlātĭo, ōnis, f. [agricolor], = agri cultura, agriculture, husbandry, Col. 1, 1, 1; 1, 1, 12 al.

* agrĭcŏlor, āri, v. dep. [1. agricola], to cultivate land, to pursue agriculture, Capitol. Alb. 11 fin.

agrĭcultĭo, ōnis, f., better separately, agri cultĭo, husbandry (only twice in Cic.): si agri cultionem sustuleris, Verr. 2, 3, 97: qui se agri cultione oblectabant, id. Sen. 16.

agrĭcultor, ōris, m., better separately, agri cultor, an agriculturist, farmer, husbandman (in class. per. very rare): servos agri cultores rem publicam abduxisse, Liv. 26, 35; so Dig. 22, 3, 25, § 1.

agrĭcultūra, ae, f., better separately, agri cultūra, agriculture.

  1. I. Lit.: insitiones, quibus nihil invenit agri culturā sollertius, Cic. Sen. 15; id. Off. 1, 42: agri culturae studere, Caes. B. G. 6, 22: homo agri culturae deditus, Vulg. 2 Par. 26, 10.
  2. II. Trop. (eccl. Lat.): Dei agri cultura estis, God’s husbandry, Vulg. 1 Cor. 3, 9.

Agrĭgentum, i, n., one of the largest and richest cities on the south coast of Sicily, near Cape Pachynum, acc. to the Greek (Ἀκράγας) sometimes called Acragas or Agragas, now Girgenti.
Here was the temple of Juno Lucina, so renowned in antiquity, whose ruins are still to be seen: oppidum Acragas, quod Agrigentum nostri dixere, Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 89: alia judicia Lilybaei, alia Agrigenti restituta sunt, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 26.
Hence, Agrĭgentīnus, a, um, adj., of or from Agrigentum: sal, Plin. 31, 7, 41, § 85.
Subst.: Agrĭgentīni, ōrum, m., the inhabitants of Agrigentum, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50.

agrī-mensor, ōris, m. [ager], a landsurveyor, Amm. 19, 11; Cassiod. Var. 3, 52.

agrĭmōnĭa, ae, a false read. for argemonia, Plin. 25, 9, 56, § 102 Jan.)

* agrĭŏphyllon, i, n., = ἀγριόφυλλον, an herb, otherwise called peucedanum (or -us) = πευκέδανον (or -ος), hog’s-fennel, sulphurwort, App. Herb. 95.

agrĭpĕta, ae, m. [ager-peto], one who strives for the possession of land, either honorably or dishonorably (only in Cic.), N. D. 1, 26; id. Att. 15, 29; 16, 1.

Agrippa, ae, m., a Roman family name.

  1. I. Menenius Agrippa, who related to the people upon Mons Sacer the fable of the Belly and the Limbs, Liv. 2, 32.
  2. II. Vipsanius Agrippa, son-in-law of Augustus, husband of Julia, and father of Agrippina, Tac. A. 4, 40; v. Frandsen, Life of M. Vipsanius Agrippa, Alton. 1836.
  3. III. The name of a king in Judœa, Tac. A. 12, 23.

Agrippīna, ae, f., the name of several Roman women.

  1. I. The wife of the emperor Tiberius, granddaughter of Atticus, Suet. Tib. 7.
  2. II. A daughter of Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia, granddaughter of Augustus, wife of Germanicus, and mother of the emperor Caligula, Tac. A. 2, 54.
  3. III. Daughter of the preced. and Germanicus, wife of Cn. Domitius Aënobarbus, and mother of the emperor Nero, Tac. A. 4, 75. From her a colony planted on the Rhine received the name Colonia Agrippina, Tac. A. 12, 27, or Agrippinensis, id. H. 1, 57; 4, 55 (now Cologne); and its inhabitants were called Agrippinenses, id. G. 28.

1. agrĭus, a, um, adj., = ἄγριος, wild: (nitrum) sordidum terrā, a quā appellant agrium, Plin. 31, 10, 46, § 106.

2. Agrĭus (-os), i, m., son of Parthaon, and father of Thersites, Ov. H. 9, 153.